It was called one of the greatest feats of exploration in history. From its beginnings in 1993 to its completion in 2000, the project to map the human genome aimed to empower humanity for the first time to read the blueprint for how human beings are built.
Since the genome was finally mapped, organisations around the world have started to use that capability to improve how they provide healthcare to their citizens.
Take patients with rare diseases or cancers. In the past, they would endure long journeys to diagnose what was wrong with them and what they could treat it with. The approach was primarily based on trial and error, and the journey would often be unsuccessful. The result was a system that cost a significant amount of time and money for health services and provided mixed results for increasingly frustrated patients.
By sequencing the genomes of patients with these conditions, as well as their families, we can move toward a greater understanding both of diagnosis and treatment for people all around the world.